How hard is it to train and breed a top-class racehorse?
Breeding a racehorse
Some might think that breeding a top-class racehorse is a simple process that involves putting two horses of the opposite sex in the same barn. Well, it's not. First of all, only selective breeding is implemented and through it are bred horses with specifically desired characteristics. With today's technologies, the percentages of a healthy pregnancy and the rates of conception are very high.
The most popular breeds for racing are:
- Quarter Horse
- Paint Horse
- American Miniature Horse
- Akhal Teke
- Black Forest Horse
- French Trotter
Training a racehorse
The process of training a racehorse is complex and requires a lot of patience and skill. Even top horse trainers are still learning new things about horse behavior. There are a few things to consider, though before training a horse such as:
- Horse Behavior – This factor is the most important thing to consider. Horses are herd animals, and it's natural for them to fear other animals and even people which is why you need to pick a curious and trusting horse that is interested in people. And most importantly NEVER abuse your horse.
- Horse Health – Before the training, you need to make sure your horse is fit. If it isn't, exercise can cause unnecessary health problems and injuries. Also, the grooming process is critical.
- Type of Training – There are as many training techniques you can adopt as there are racing breeds.
Some people prefer to hire experts to train their horses, but there is something special in preparing your horse. Even if you are a beginner, you don't have to worry many beginner trainers have turned into success stories. All you need is determination and passion.
Lead training is an essential part of the process. Teaching your horse manners when interacting with people and things like when to stop or turn will help you establish a connection faster, and it is very crucial to show it who the leader is.
Ground training is also an essential aspect of horse training. You can start by teaching your horse to run in a circle around you. Some ground training techniques include:
- Longeing is the training of a horse to move in circles at the end of a long line.
- Desensitization is the process of teaching the horse no to be afraid of objects that may touch it.
- Liberty work is when you teach the horse to respond to your voice and body language.
- Bitting is when you get your horse familiar with a bridle or a bit.
- Long-lining is when a horse is moving in front of the trainer.
A horse is old enough to learn how to be ridden at the young age of three. But before that, you need to make sure that it is accustomed to the saddle and reins and any other objects it may encounter.